Laptops are exploding. Phones are catching fire in pockets. Lithium-ion batteries are more dangerous than anyone realized. So, imagine the risk involved with an energy storage building filled with lithium-ion batteries.
The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) is working on an update for NFPA 855 - the Standard for the Installation of Stationary Energy Storage Systems. The draft is available for public comment and is expected to be completed in 2020.
Nationally, the NFPA 855 update will create a stricter requirement for fire protection of energy storage. It might also add a cap on size for energy storage in enclosed spaces. The committee dedicated to this project will "document fire prevention, fire protection, design, construction, installation, commissioning, operation, maintenance, and decommissioning of stationary, mobile, and temporary energy storage systems," according to Energy Storage Systems Staff Liaison Brian J. O'Connor.
The requirements will be more stringent than the current version.
Underwriter's Laboratory (UL) published the first safety standards in 2014, UL 9540. UL 9540 is the backbone of NFPA and other organization's regulations for energy storage.
According to UtilityDive, "some stakeholders are already taking guidance from NFPA's developing standards. While the standards are still in draft form, '2020 may be the landing spot for projects that are just starting development today,' said Davion Hill, Energy Storage Leader for the America's.